Globalisation: 'value sets' and 'policy paradigms'

Last week I attended a Tomorrow Project event on their new book, Going Global: key questions for the 21st century. It was an interesting session, particularly Jan-Aart Scholte's response to the book. Whilst full of academic jargon (see the title of this post!), Jan-Aart talked compellingly about the different challenges ('value sets') presented by globalisation and the different political responses ('policy paradigms').

So, first the value sets through which people view the challenges of globalisation, and which need to be negotiated:

  1. Ecological integrity – how do we ensure sustainable development?
  2. Economic wellbeing – how do we ensure global wellbeing? (he talked about this in terms of poverty, employment, disease etc)
  3. Democracy – how do we tackle the democratic deficit? The problems we face are beyond territories and yet political structures are still territorial.
  4. Social justice – how to we tackle inequality (between different countries, genders, races, income groups) and the resentment that results?
  5. Cultural vibrancy – how do we develop effective ethics of inter-cultural negotiation?
  6. Peace – although many thought globalisation would bring peace, it has not. For example, there are now global arms trades.

And now onto the 'policy paradigms' - the contending mind-sets and responses of our political leaders:

  1. Neo-liberal – attempts to manage globalisation through market forces and liberation. Advocates open borders and no controls.
  2. Neo-mercantilist – an inward looking view that views globalisation as threatening. Advocates protectionism.
  3. Neo-conservative – attempts to energise religious values, often expressed in discussions about the 'clash of civilisations'.
  4. Global social market – attempts to make markets more socially and environmentally friendly by opening up markets but also identifying the harm markets create and justifying interventions.
  5. Global social democracy – similar to 'global social market' but also attempts to subvert the market by proactively redistributing wealth – eg some carbon taxes can be viewed in this category.
  6. Global transformation strategies – a more radical and reformist approach which seeks to suggest new models for organising the global economy.

All interesting stuff. If you want to read more on globalisation and the VCS, there are drivers on the site on Globalisation of markets, Power of multinationals, Ethnic, cultural and religious diversity, and Global population movement. There's also a chapter on Globalisation in our last Voluntary Sector Strategic Analysis, covering the following:

  • The challenges we face are global
  • Where power is held is becoming more complex
  • Globalisation is changing the UK's economy and workforce
  • Global population movements are leading to a more diverse UK
Last updated at 15:08 Mon 18/May/09.
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